At the time, the line just extended from Palma to Inca, with work just It is operated by Bulgarian State Railways (BDŽ). The route leads from Septemvri on the mainline Sofia–Plovdiv to Dobrinishte, passing Velingrad, Yakoruda, Razlog and Bansko, linking the western part of the Upper Thracian Plain with the Western Rhodopes, Rila and Pirin mountains. Durango, Colorado was founded by the Denver & Rio Grande Railway in 1879. The final opening was Jul 30, 1939, together with the section Yakoruda–Belitsa. The narrow-gauge railway is the railway track, in which distance between two tracks is 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) and 2 ft (610 mm). However, when the war ended, the work was stopped. Narrow Gauge The small gauge is called a Narrow gauge or a small line. Several 18 in (457 mm) gauge railways were built in Britain to serve ammunition depots and other military facilities, particularly during World War I. Construction of the hardest section, Chepino–Yakoruda continued up to 1937, when on 12th Dec it was opened for temporary service. In 1931 two more engines of the same class were delivered. Just after the spiral, the route overpasses the river and the road on a stone arch viaduct, followed by the fourth spiral around a natural hill, where is the last tunnel Nr 35. Queensland Rail's Electric Tilt Train, the fastest train in Australia and the fastest 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) gauge train in the world, set a record of 210 km/h (130 mph). Some industrial narrow-gauge railways and a children's railway can still be found in Belarus particularly associated with the peat extraction industry. The first rolling stock was brought from the other narrow-gauge railway Cherven bryag–Oryahovo (now closed), which was already built in 1926. Tsepina also had been station with passing loop and sidings, removed in 2003. Sveta Petka and Cherna Mesta are former stations, which have had passing loops and sidings. 3 ft was also a common track gauge in South America, Ireland and on the Isle of Man. .mw-parser-output .RMbox{box-shadow:0 2px 2px 0 rgba(0,0,0,.14),0 1px 5px 0 rgba(0,0,0,.12),0 3px 1px -2px rgba(0,0,0,.2)}.mw-parser-output .RMinline{float:none;width:100%;margin:0;border:none}.mw-parser-output table.routemap{padding:0;border:0;border-collapse:collapse;background:transparent;white-space:nowrap;line-height:1.2;margin:auto}.mw-parser-output table.routemap .RMcollapse{margin:0;border-collapse:collapse;vertical-align:middle}.mw-parser-output table.routemap .RMreplace{margin:0;border-collapse:collapse;vertical-align:middle;position:absolute;bottom:0}.mw-parser-output table.routemap .RMsi{display:inline;font-size:90%}.mw-parser-output table.routemap .RMl1{padding:0 3px;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output table.routemap .RMr1{padding:0 3px;text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.routemap .RMl{text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.routemap .RMr{text-align:left}.mw-parser-output table.routemap .RMl4{padding:0 3px 0 0;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output table.routemap .RMr4{padding:0 0 0 3px;text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.routemap>tbody>tr{line-height:1}.mw-parser-output table.routemap>tbody>tr>td,.mw-parser-output table.RMcollapse>tbody>tr>td,.mw-parser-output table.RMreplace>tbody>tr>td{padding:0;width:auto;vertical-align:middle;text-align:center}.mw-parser-output .RMir>div{display:inline-block;vertical-align:middle;padding:0;height:20px;min-height:20px}.mw-parser-output .RMir img{height:initial!important;max-width:initial!important}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMov{position:relative}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMov .RMic,.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMov .RMtx{position:absolute;left:0;top:0;padding:0}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMtx{line-height:20px;height:20px;min-height:20px;vertical-align:middle;text-align:center}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMsp{height:20px;min-height:20px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMtx>abbr,.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMtx>div{line-height:.975;display:inline-block;vertical-align:middle}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMts{font-size:90%;transform:scaleX(.89)}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMf_{height:5px;min-height:5px;width:20px;min-width:20px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMfm{height:100%;min-height:100%;width:4px;min-width:4px;margin:0 auto}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMo{width:2.5px;min-width:2.5px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMc{width:5px;min-width:5px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMoc{width:7.5px;min-width:7.5px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMd{width:10px;min-width:10px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMod{width:12.5px;min-width:12.5px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMcd{width:15px;min-width:15px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMocd{width:17.5px;min-width:17.5px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RM_{width:20px;min-width:20px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RM_o{width:22.5px;min-width:22.5px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RM_c{width:25px;min-width:25px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RM_oc{width:27.5px;min-width:27.5px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RM_d{width:30px;min-width:30px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RM_od{width:32.5px;min-width:32.5px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RM_cd{width:35px;min-width:35px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RM_ocd{width:37.5px;min-width:37.5px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMb{width:40px;min-width:40px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMcb{width:45px;min-width:45px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMdb{width:50px;min-width:50px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMcdb{width:55px;min-width:55px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RM_b{width:60px;min-width:60px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RM_cb{width:65px;min-width:65px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RM_db{width:70px;min-width:70px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RM_cdb{width:75px;min-width:75px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMs{width:80px;min-width:80px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMds{width:90px;min-width:90px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RM_s{width:100px;min-width:100px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RM_ds{width:110px;min-width:110px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMbs{width:120px;min-width:120px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMdbs{width:130px;min-width:130px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RM_bs{width:140px;min-width:140px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RM_dbs{width:150px;min-width:150px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMw{width:160px;min-width:160px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RM_w{width:180px;min-width:180px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMbw{width:200px;min-width:200px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RM_bw{width:220px;min-width:220px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMsw{width:240px;min-width:240px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RM_sw{width:260px;min-width:260px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RMbsw{width:280px;min-width:280px}.mw-parser-output .RMir .RM_bsw{width:300px;min-width:300px}. The line has a number of 4,000-horsepower (3,000 kW) locomotives and 200-plus-car trains. Extensive narrow-gauge networks were constructed in many parts of the world; 19th-century mountain logging operations often used narrow-gauge railways to transport logs from mill to market. [12] The speed record for 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) narrow-gauge rail is 245 km/h (152 mph), set in South Africa in 1978.[13][14][15]. In the period of heavy traffic in 60s and 70s, Dryanov dol is extended with passing loop and becomes a station, but then it is completely closed, together with Milevi skali. Railfair, Montreal, 1972. You can see my review here . Reaching Cherna Mesta stop, the track continues to Yakoruda through the valley of river Mesta. 800 mm (2 ft 7 1⁄2 in) gauge railways are commonly used for rack railways. Before this delivery, some engines class 76 also had been working on the Septemvri–Dobrinishte railway while the others were based on the Cherven bryag–Oryahovo railway. "Narrow Gauge Railways of Canada"; Omer Lavallee; pub. 760 mm Bosnian gauge and 750 mm railways are predominantly found in Russia and Eastern Europe. A few kilometers after Tsvetino, the route turns to the right through the valley of the small river Lyuta reka, reaching the former station, now minor stop Sveta Petka. This is list of former and actual narrow-gauge railways in India. In the beginning there are also stops Milevi skali at km 17.5 between Tsepina and Dolene and Dryanov dol between Dolene and Kostandovo. [16] The idea for a railway, serving the Rhodope Mountains, dates back to 1915, when three possible paths were considered. Common uses for these industrial narrow-gauge railways included mining, logging, construction, tunnelling, quarrying, and conveying agricultural products. In the 60s and 70s the traffic became too busy for the steam engines and railcars, so in 1965 and 1966 ten diesel engines were delivered from Henschel AG. In 1928 four steam engines of the 50076 series (0-10-0T, E h2Gt) were delivered. A few railways and tramways were built to 2 ft 9 in (838 mm) gauge, including Nankai Main Line (later converted to 3 ft 6 in or 1,067 mm), Ocean Pier Railway at Atlantic City, Seaton Tramway (converted from 2 ft) and Waiorongomai Tramway. Narrow-gauge trams, particularly metre-gauge, are common in Europe. Arthur Percival Heywood developed 15 in (381 mm) gauge estate railways in Britain and Decauville produced a range of industrial railways running on 500 mm (19 3⁄4 in) and 400 mm (15 3⁄4 in) tracks, most commonly in restricted environments such as underground mine railways, parks and farms, in France. 2 ft (610 mm) gauge railways were generally constructed in the former British colonies. Significant sugarcane railways still operate in Cuba, Fiji, Java, the Philippines, and Queensland, and narrow-gauge railway equipment remains in common use for building tunnels. It opened in sections between 1865 and 1867 and was the world’s first narrow gauge railway. Steam locomotive 60976 is the only preserved in working condition and used for tourist trains. Beginning from Velingrad, through Velingrad south stop, the line starts to climb along the right side of river Ablanitsa, heading Ostrets stop and station Tsvetino. Durango and Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad and Museum All Aboard! Between Sveta Petka and Avramovo there is also a closed stop for the nearby village Pashovo. The section remained a branch until its closing in 2002, when the track to Pazardzhik was removed. During the 1820s and 1830s, a number of industrial narrow-gauge railways in the United Kingdom used steam locomotives. "The Toronto Grey and Bruce Railway 1863–1884; Thomas F McIlwraith; pub. These lines were industrial, connecting mines with nearby transportation points (usually canals or other waterways). [2] Historically, the term was sometimes used to refer to standard-gauge railways, to distinguish them from broad-gauge railways, but this use no longer applies. One of the first to start operating again (in 1971) is the Llanberis Lake Railway which has been rebuilt as a 2 foot gauge railway for visitors to the Padarn Country Park. Over the years many narrow gauge railways in Britain have sadly closed down and now cease to exist. After passing this station, the route declines to Velingrad valley. The climbing ends at station Avramovo just after tunnel Nr 32, which is the longest one – 315 m. This highest point is followed by steep and long descent in the valley of river Dreshtenets. [11], In Japan and Queensland, recent permanent-way improvements have allowed trains on 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) gauge tracks to exceed 160 km/h (99 mph). WR8 OQE P.A.Slater, The Hole in The Septemvri–Dobrinishte narrow-gauge line (Bulgarian: теснолинейка Септември – Добринище, tesnolineyka Septemvri–Dobrinishte) is the only operating 760 mm (2 ft 5 15⁄16 in) narrow-gauge line in Bulgaria. Just after Tunnel Nr 16, the track passes a stone arch bridge over the river and begins its four-level way on the north side of the valley through 16 tunnels, two spirals and one 180° turn. The Boston Mills Press; Cheltenham, Ontario, 1977, "Running Late on the Bruce"; Ralph Beaumont & James Filby; pub The Boston Mills Press, Cheltenham, Ontario, 1980, This page was last edited on 23 January 2021, at 21:53. In this period there were a pair of mixed trains and two pairs of freight trains per day. Credit: Traction Studios Also due for release in Q1 of 2021 is a Prototype HST, this we have never seen in Train Simulator 2021 before. This gauge, measured 950 mm (3 ft 1 3⁄8 in) between the edges of the rails, is known as Italian metre gauge. Learn how and when to remove this template message. It is followed by Guliyna banya stop and after this point the railway continues in the Razlog plain and reaches its final station Dobrinishte through Razlog and Bansko. The Furka Oberalp railway (German: Furka Oberalp Bahn) is a narrow gauge mountain railway in Switzerland with a gauge of 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in). See more ideas about heritage railway, railway, locomotive. Narrow Gauge Equipment for Sale This page has been set up for people with narrow gauge railway equipment to sell. Some sugar cane lines in Cuba were 2 ft 3 1⁄2 in (699 mm).[18]. But I must confess, this is the greatest narrow gauge railway story, I have ever been privileged to report. Whether or not this was a good decision is still up All 10 tunnels on this part of the railway are between Marko Nikolov and Dolene. Historically, the term was sometimes used to refer to standard-gauge railways, to distinguish them from broad-gauge railways, but this use no longer applies. The track reached Ladzhene in 1926, and the section opened Aug 1, 1926 with three trains per week in each direction. Operation of the section Sarambey - Ladzhene began with four small steam engines (0-6-2T, UIC class C1′ n2vPt) of the 176 – 1076 series. Ten engines of class 77 were delivered in 1988 from 23 August Works of Bucharest, Romania, but five of them were sold to RFIRT (now YCF), Argentina in 1996. Two-hundred-car trains operate on the Sishen–Saldanha railway line in South Africa, and high-speed Tilt Trains run in Queensland. For example, if a curve with standard-gauge rail can allow speed up to 145 km/h (90 mph), the same curve with narrow-gauge rail can only allow speed up to 130 km/h (81 mph). It runs in the Graubünden, Uri and Canton of Valais. Narrow gauge's reduced stability means that its trains cannot run at speeds as high as on broader gauges. The Main Line Railway is a 3” 6’ mainline railway between Toowoomba and Brisbane. A narrow-gauge railway (narrow-gauge railroad in the US) is a railway with a track gauge narrower than standard 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in). In the 17th century, mine railways were extended to provide transportation above ground. Light Railway, (see The Narrow Gauge, No. and had then travelled on the evening main-line train from Dromod to Sligo, in an antique but comfortable wooden side-corridor coach sandwiched between [1] Lower-cost narrow-gauge railways are often used in mountainous terrain, where engineering savings can be substantial. According to Italian law, track gauges in Italy were defined from the centre of each rail rather than the inside edges of the rails. The line passes under itself two times in tunnels Nr 18 and 24. to Druja. In 1916, due to WWI, the army wanted to link the town of Nevrokop (now Gotse Delchev) to the railway network and started surveying the first section from Sarambey (now Septemvri) to Ladzhene (now part of Velingrad). Gauges such as 2 ft 3 in (686 mm), 2 ft 4 in (711 mm) and 2 ft 4 1⁄2 in (724 mm) were used in parts of the UK, particularly for railways in Wales and the borders, with some industrial use in the coal industry. Note: the missing numbers are scrapped or sold. In 1842, the first narrow-gauge steam locomotive outside the UK was built for the 1,100 mm (3 ft 7 5⁄16 in)-gauge Antwerp-Ghent Railway [4] in Belgium. The Kalka – Shimla Railway rail section is a 2 ft 6 inch (762 mm) gauge railway that runs from Kalka at Himalayas’ foothills to Shimla in Himachal Pradesh. 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) between the inside of the rail heads, its name and classification vary worldwide and it has about 112,000 kilometres (70,000 mi) of track. Most narrow-gauge railways are between 600 mm (1 ft 11 5⁄8 in) and 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in). Gallery of photos from a journey on the Septemvri–Dobrinishte line, Wyprawa koleją z Septemvri do DObriniszte,–Dobrinishte_narrow-gauge_line&oldid=1000392847, Articles lacking in-text citations from June 2016, Articles containing Bulgarian-language text, Articles with German-language sources (de), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [9][10] They were a short-lived military application, and after the war the surplus equipment created a small boom in European narrow-gauge railway building. 43, February 1967). It is 45 km long and all four spirals, 25 remaining tunnels and the highest railway station on the Balkans are here. The earliest recorded railway appears in Georgius Agricola's 1556 De re metallica, which shows a mine in Bohemia with a railway of about 2 ft (610 mm) gauge. The line is actively used with four passenger trains running the length of the line in each direction per day. Beaumont and Clarke, with the Credit Valley Railway Company, Streetsville, Ontario, 2007. A narrow-gauge railway is one where the distance between the inside edges of the rails is less than 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1 ⁄ 2 in). The first commercially successful steam locomotive was Matthew Murray's Salamanca built in 1812 for the 4 ft 1 in (1,245 mm) Middleton Railway in Leeds. World War I 600 mm (1 ft 11 5 ⁄ 8 in) field railway from Dūkštas, to Druja.) As of 2016, there are now four trains running the entire length of the line each day. This path was chosen to be the main and the railway became Pazardzhik - Chepino with a branch from Varvara - Pazardzhik - Sarambey. 4 ft 6 1⁄2 in (1,384 mm) lines were also constructed, and both were eventually converted to standard gauge. When Sarambey became the starting point of the line, the population of Pazardzhik feared their town would be away from the traffic and requested a branch of the new railway, which was completed and opened on Oct 27, 1928. F. C. Blake built a 7 hp petrol locomotive for the Richmond Main Sewerage Board sewage plant at Mortlake. "Narrow Gauge Railways of Canada"; Omer Lavallee, expanded and revised by Ronald S Ritchie; pub. The journey takes five hours through the valleys and gorges between Rila and Rhodopes. Non-industrial, narrow-gauge mountain railways are (or were) common in the Rocky Mountains of the United States and the Pacific Cordillera of Canada, Mexico, Switzerland, Bulgaria, the former Yugoslavia, Greece, and Costa Rica. The first five engines of the 60076 series (2-10-2T, 1′E1′ h2Gt) ware delivered in 1940 and the other 10 in 1949–1950. The line … "The Narrow Gauge For Us – The Story of the Toronto and Nipissing Railway"; Charles Cooper; pub. 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) gauge, it has over-100-pound rail (100 lb/yd or 49.6 kg/m) and a loading gauge almost as large as US non-excess-height lines. Fitzhenry and Whiteside, Markham, Ontario, 2005. First up is the Hastings DEMU, this is due for release in Q1 of 2021, now this is a reskin so will need the AP 205, Class 421 4-CIG and Class 422 4-BIG. In some countries, narrow gauge is the standard; Japan, Indonesia, Taiwan, New Zealand, South Africa, and the Australian states of Queensland, Western Australia and Tasmania have a 3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm) gauge, and Malaysia and Thailand have metre-gauge railways. This first part is 39 km long. In 1902, the CGR placed three locomotives with a Mogul wheel arrangement in service on the Hopefield 2 ft (610 mm) narrow gauge branch line that was being constructed from Kalbaskraal. In 2015, there was a 1,500 km Railway line with a gauge less than the standard of 1435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in), 3 ft, 900 mm, and Swedish three foot gauge, 800 mm, 2 ft 6 in, Bosnian and 750 mm gauge, List of tram systems by gauge and electrification, Rail transport in Walt Disney Parks and Resorts, The Petroleum Industrial and Technical Review, "Trade House" Kambarka Engineering Works ",, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Keith Chester. In this section, the train changes its traveling direction 6 times. Mail us (with a photo) with any items you wish to put up here. The abandoned old tunnel is still existing next to the new one. After the Smolevo stop, the line turns at the third spiral, passing under itself in tunnel Nr 34. Gauges below 1 ft 11 1⁄2 in (597 mm) were rare. "Narrow Gauge Through the Bush – Ontario's Toronto Grey and Bruce and Toronto and Nipissing Railways"; Rod Clarke; pub. Until the mid-1850s, a railway builder could only choose between standard gauge and broad gauge, explaining why standard gauge was called narrow gauge in those days! Here is the maximum slope of the route of 32 ‰. In Razlog there had been a small branch, serving some industry near the town. In 1920, the surveying resumed, followed by construction in 1921. After almost straight 6 km long section in the plain, the route reaches station Varvara, the former junction with the removed branch to Pazardzhik. It has about 95,000 km (59,000 mi) of track. The end of 2017 saw the first releases from the Bachmann Narrow Gauge range of OO9 scale models with the Covered Goods Wagons and Open Bogie Wagons now available from Bachmann stockists in a number of liveries covering several eras. Oct 10, 2020 - Explore HST's board "Heritage railway", followed by 278 people on Pinterest. It is source of the last freight traffic until 2003, when closed and removed. The railway was built in several stages between 1921 and 1945 with total length of 125 km (78 miles). Upper Canada Railway Society, Toronto, 1963. However, a number of these have been or are being revived even after being closed and dismantled many years ago. was Prepared Based on Latest Exam Pattern. It opened in 1879 and closed in 1929. This 2 ft 9 in (838 mm) gauge locomotive was probably the third petrol-engined locomotive built.[8]. 2801.5] Gondia Jn - Balaghat Jn - Nainpur - Jabalpur Jn: (RMI H9-G8) Spine of the South Eastern Railway's 762mm-gauge system, easily the largest narrow-gauge network in India, this 226km line leaves Gondia northwards Since 2003 there is only passenger service with three trains per day in each direction. Plenty of steam could also be found in West Germany with the 012 4-6-2s on express passenger services (including a footplate run), heavy freight work with the class 044 2-10-0s and classes 023, 038, 050, 064, 065, and 078 on a The last part of the railway has much better parameters, because most of the route is traced for standard-gauge railway, which had been planned to replace the narrow-gauge track in future. A new tunnel Nr 2 is constructed to avoid the low radius curves of the temporary track around the collapse. In the hard years after the war, the progress was poor, with work done primarily by hand. The next short section to Chepino (now Velingrad south) was completed on June 3, 1927. There were a number of large 3 ft (914 mm) railroad systems in North America; notable examples include the Denver & Rio Grande and Rio Grande Southern in Colorado and the South Pacific Coast and West Side Lumber Co of California. This is the hardest section of Septemvri–Dobrinishte railway. A branch line to Tweed Heads, New South Wales was opened in 1903 with excursion trains traveling the line on 10 August 1903 and the first passenger train making the journey from Brisbane on 14 September 1903. French Trains Set (Narrow Gauge) Version 1.0.02 is the first fully playable public release, and it includes locomotives, railcars, and wagons spanning from the early 1880s, when most narrow gauge railway networks got started, until the present days. The first use of steam locomotives on a public, passenger-carrying narrow-gauge railway was in 1865, when the Ffestiniog Railway introduced passenger service after receiving its first locomotives two years earlier.[5]. "East European Narrow Gauge" 1995. I was delighted to see Bachmann Industries bring out On30 models of 60 cm gauge, Class 10, 2-6-2T Baldwin trench engines, even if they are the wrong gauge. We run steam trains every Sunday and Bank Holiday from Easter to the end of October, with full Covid-19 precautions. The current plan can be found on the website of Bulgarian State Railways. Salamanca was also the first rack-and-pinion locomotive. The Beenleigh railway line opened in 1885 before being extended as the South Coast Line to Southport in 1889. Swedish three-foot-gauge railways (891 mm or 2 ft 11 3⁄32 in) are unique to that country. I am delighted because these models will allow modelers to build layouts based on the trench railway… Since narrow-gauge railways are usually built with tighter curves, smaller structure gauges, and lighter rails, they can be less costly to build, equip, and operate than standard- or broad-gauge railways (particularly in mountainous or difficult terrain). The Varvara–Pazardzhik branch line, which was closed in 2002, was 16.6 km (10.3 miles) long. A plan to continue the track to Gotse Delchev was never realised. Many narrow-gauge railways were part of industrial enterprises and served primarily as industrial railways, rather than general carriers. They were built by Baldwin and were of a standard type that was being used on the narrow gauge railroads of … They are working as class 75 and are still in service now. Since January 1, 2003 it is "Steam Trains to the Bruce"; Ralph Beaumont; pub. They can haul 3–5 cars on the main slopes. Along the gorge, the line passes stops Marko Nikolov (ex Mineral baths), Tsepina (ex Dorkovo), the river again and the road at manually operated level crossing, to reach station Dolene, where it continues in the opposite direction on the other side of the valley, climbing 246 m level displacement to drainage divide Chukata and station Kostandovo ( 801 m ASL) in 10.9 km. The Southwold Railway was a narrow gauge railway line between Halesworth and Southwold in the English county of Suffolk. 900 mm was a common gauge in Europe. Narrow-gauge railways have specialized use in mines and other environments where a small structure gauge necessitates a small loading gauge. 8 3 ⁄ 4 miles (14.1 km) long, it was 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge. After stops Yurukovo and Dagonovo, the line passes station Belitsa and continues to General Kovachev stop, where it leaves the valley of river Mesta and heading Razlog through the valley of smaller river, named Iztok. The Septemvri–Dobrinishte narrow-gauge line (Bulgarian: теснолинейка Септември – Добринище, tesnolineyka Septemvri–Dobrinishte) is the only operating 760 mm (2 ft 5 15⁄16 in) narrow-gauge line in Bulgaria. The open track between tunnels Nr 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 is now covered to prevent another rock collapses on the route. Another example of a heavy-duty narrow-gauge line is Brazil's EFVM. In South Africa and New Zealand, the loading gauge is similar to the restricted British loading gauge; in New Zealand, some British Rail Mark 2 carriages have been rebuilt with new bogies for use by Tranz Scenic (Wellington-Palmerston North service), Tranz Metro (Wellington-Masterton service), and Transdev Auckland (Auckland suburban services). 1 ft 11 3⁄4 in (603 mm), 600 mm (1 ft 11 5⁄8 in) and 1 ft 11 1⁄2 in (597 mm) were used in Europe. On holiday in Majorca in the mid or late 90s, and bored with sun, sea and sand, I went off walkabout on the islands excellent bus and train network. Due to the characteristics of the route through the mountains, the narrow-gauge line Septemvri–Dobrinishte is also known as the Alpine railway in the Balkans. Luzern Stans Engelberg Railway Line - The Luzern Stans Engelberg railway line is a Swiss narrow gauge rack railway that connects Luzern, via Hergiswil and Stans, to the resort of Engelberg. In his end, the track passes the longest bridge over the river – 58 m long stone viaduct with four arches. It is operated by Bulgarian State Railways (BDŽ). The average incline is 30 ‰. We are a short-line narrow-gauge steam railway in the north-west of England, with a large collection of industrial locos. Then the route passes the river Chepinska (also known as Elidere) and the road to Velingrad onto a steel bridge and continues on the left (eastern) bank of the river. Lower-cost narrow-gauge railways are often built to serve industries as well as sparsely populated communities where the traffic potential would not justify the cost of a standard- or broad-gauge line.