The Qur'an is divided into chapters and verses, as is each book of the Bible. For the sake the argument Islam is true for this topic. Ward off from yourselves and your families a Fire whereof the fuel is men and stones, over which are set angels strong, severe, who resist not Allah in that which He commandeth them, but do that which they are commanded. 3) The Quran Is Understood as God’s Literal Words “Since Muslims believe the Quran is an eternal expression of Allah, they do not think that the Quran was written by men in any sense. For centuries, Christians have asked why Jews don’t accept the authenticity of the New Testament. All Torah, Psalms, Old and New Testament Bible quotes are from the King James Version (KJV) Holy Bible in the public domain. added). God’s people who live posterior to the cross of Christ (i.e., Christians) are not charged by God with the responsibility of inflicting physical punishment on the evildoer. I also read an observation from Ehrman that the Quran scribes may have done a much better job at preserving the Quran word for word. NOTE: Detailed discussions concerning … So good women are the obedient, guarding in secret that which Allah hath guarded. added)—the very opposite of the Aqabah pact. Be not as those who disbelieved and said of their brethren who went abroad in the land or were fighting in the field: If they had been (here) with us they would not have died or been killed.... And what though ye be slain in Allah’s way or die therein? To appreciate the full extent of the Quran’s endorsement of polygamy, as well as to preserve context, the reader is asked to exercise the necessary patience to read two lengthy passages. Sorting Apples from Oranges B. ... Thesis: The “Religion vs Science” debate is misguided. We are not presupposing that the New Testament or the Koran are revelations from a God. Now, while working toward a master’s degree in biblical communication, he has collaborated with a small group of other former Muslims to write “The Quran Dilemma,” an analysis of how the Quran was compiled, what it says, how different … No extra … For there is no authority except from God, and the authorities that exist are appointed by God. Theoretically, in his lifetime, a man could have an unlimited number of wives—all with the approval of God! Lo! Those who have modeled their thinking after New Testament Christianity are, to say the least, a bit surprised, if not shocked and appalled, that Islam countenances polygamy. And when he told it her she said: Who hath told thee? Killing is better than being persecuted! As "The Encyclopaedia of the Quran" notes, this is likely an Arabic reference to the Torah, the first five books of the Old Testament, which are traditionally ascribed to Moses. because these documents back here in New Testament times have been corrupted. The Jews themselves likely were lacking in much book-learning, having been separated from the mainstream of Jewish thought and intellectual development in their migration to the Arabian peninsula. Give to everyone who asks of you. Make no excuses for yourselves this day. Jonathan McLatchie vs. Bashir Vania Here is my latest debate, with Islamic scholar Bashir Vania , on whether the New Testament or Qur'an is a better successor to the Old Testament. But if you do evil, be afraid; for he does not bear the sword in vain; for he is God’s minister, an avenger to execute wrath on him who practices evil. Pickthall, Mohammed M. (n.d.), The Meaning of the Glorious Koran (New York: Mentor). Likewise, members of a clan of the Bani Nadir were executed in Khaybar for concealing their treasure rather than forfeiting it to the Muslims (Lings, p. 267). And slay them wherever ye find them, and drive them out of the places whence they drove you out, for persecution is worse than slaughter. For because of this you also pay taxes, for they are God’s ministers attending continually to this very thing. added). And she put faith in the words of her Lord and His Scriptures, and was of the obedient (Surah 66). For I am the Lord thy God, and ye shall obey my voice; and I give unto my servant Joseph that he shall be made ruler over many things; for he hath been faithful over a few things, and from henceforth I will strengthen him. May 5, 2019 - 10:18 am . Posts about BIBLE VS QURAN written by abraham5321. And a proclamation from Allah and His messenger to all men on the day of the Greater Pilgrimage that Allah is free from obligation to the idolaters, and (so is) His messenger. But if they desist, then lo! If ye twain turn unto Allah repentant, (ye have cause to do so) for your hearts desired (the ban); and if ye aid one another against him (Muhammad) then lo! The New Testament and the Quran are the holy scriptures of Christianity and Islam, and as such they merit some degree of comparison. Such is the reward of disbelievers. Consider the following Muslim explanation: At the time when this surah (Surah 2—DM) was revealed at Al-Madinah, the Prophet’s own tribe, the pagan Qureysh at Mecca, were preparing to attack the Muslims in their place of refuge. Make ready for them all thou canst of (armed) force and of horses tethered, that thereby ye may dismay the enemy of Allah and your enemy, and others beside them whom ye know not.... O Prophet! One would expect an uninspired book to contradict itself or speak ambiguously on various subjects, at times appearing both to endorse and condemn a practice. Maybe the Quran was copied more faithfully after being in circulation for a certain period of time, but I believe you’ve said the same for he New Testament. A … Note: The following article was taken from the Hyde Park Christian fellowship - an informal network of Christian researchers in the UK, whose primary interest is the academic study of all issues relevant to Islam and Christianity. Lo! With these background details in mind, the reader is invited to read the surah that was elicited by the situation: In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful. 1. April 18, 2012 Al Fadi, a former Wahabi Muslim from Saudi Arabia, committed his life to Jesus Christ in 2001. The Bible, New Testament, and Quran, though looked on as emanating from the same source, are very different works. In the first place, for all practical purposes the Quran authorizes a man to have as many wives as he chooses, since its teaching on divorce contradicts its teaching on marriage. In fact, “Allah loveth those who battle for His cause in ranks, as if they were a solid structure” (Surah 61:4, emp. And one who attacketh you, attack him in like manner as he attacked you. C. The most probable historical position is that Jesus of Nazareth was a historical person [1][5]. The total number of verses is 6,240. Tag: Qur’an vs New Testament Hunting for a Proofreader. The Old Testament contains 39 books — seventeen historical books, five poetical books, and seventeen prophetical books. It is not for any Prophet to have captives until he hath made slaughter in the land. There simply was no viable solution to their condition except extermination. The New Testament is a retelling of God’s words revealed to Jesus (PBUH), and is translated through many languages. Everything to do with Islam and Muslims! Lings, pp. Though the passage in question indicates the criterion of a man’s ability to do justice to those he marries, there is no reason to specify the number four, since men would vary a great deal in the number of women that they would have the ability to manage fairly. For if you love those who love you, what reward have you? For Christians, the Old Testament is the foundation on which the New Testament is built and so the New Testament contains the final revelation. In the New Testament, several named women have close relationships with Jesus, and several are described as leaders and “prophetesses” in the early Church. One author 4. added). It is the reward of their own deeds, an exemplary punishment from Allah. This very fate awaited the Jewish Bani Qurayzah, when some 700 men were beheaded by the Muslims with Muhammad’s approval (Lings, p. 232). If the majority of Muslims were violent, that would not prove that Islam is a religion of violence. Hence, the Muslim is forced to maintain the self-contradictory position that, yes, there have been times that Islam has been properly violent and, yes, the Quran does endorse violence, but, no, most Muslims are not violent, and then only in self-defense. Exhort the believers to fight. C. The most probable historical position is that Jesus of Nazareth was a historical person [1][5]. The Qur'an is one book. The King James Version of the Bible, used by English-speaking Protestants, consists of 66 books, divided into an Old Testament and a New Testament. In Islam injil is refers to as … Christianity/Islam. Bible is NOT mentioned in the Quran nor should New Testament be consider the previous scriptures mentioned in the Quran. The “absolute imperative” (Rahman, 1979, p. 22) of Islam is the submission/conversion of the whole world. Muhammad and the Quran stand in diametrical opposition to Jesus and the New Testament. A. 244 pp including References but, oddly, no Index. Bible is a holy book associated with Christianity and Judaism. … 1. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. We should remember that the blessings and covenant with the Most High was given only to Israel originally, and at that time forgiveness of sins was performed by animals sacrificing… The importance of the Messiah was to fulfill the covenant with Israel and become an eternal … The Bible is a complex and composite blend of religious myth, historical narrative, legal enactments, prophetic admonitions, cautionary tales, and poetry composed over a long 2 Chapter One. For even sinners lend to sinners to receive as much back. Allah loveth not aggressors. It is an anthology, a collection of Christian works written in the Greek language within the first 100-years of Jesus, at different times by various writers, who were early Jewish followers of Jesus. added). 41-42]. The wording of the pronouncement comes in a surah titled “Women”: “And if ye fear that ye will not deal fairly by the orphans, marry of the women, who seem good to you, two or three or four; and if ye fear that ye cannot do justice (to so many) then one (only) or (the captives) that your right hands possess” (Surah 4:3; cf. To him who strikes you on the one cheek, offer the other also. Another surah describes how allowances respecting the daily prayers were to be made for Muhammad’s Muslim warriors when engaged in military action: And when ye go forth in the land, it is no sin for you to curtail (your) worship if ye fear that those who disbelieve may attack you. The New Testament and the Quran are the holy scriptures of Christianity and Islam, and as such they merit some degree of comparison. We are not presupposing that the New Testament or the Koran are revelations from a God. We are presupposing that the Christian and Islamic conception of God would never reveal false historical information in his revelations. All Quran quotes are from Taqi-ud-Din al-Hilali/Muhsin Khan English Quran translation. I will attempt to be as unbiased in my presentation as possible before concluding. Two such matters are addressed in this article: polygamy and armed conflict. And when thou (O Muhammad) art among them and arrangest (their) worship for them, let only a party of them stand with thee (to worship) and let them take their arms. Double Standards and Objective Standards 3. The Koran is divided into 114 chapters, or suras, which are arranged in order of decreasing length, with the exception of the brief first sura, which is part of a Muslim's daily prayer.. Muslims reject the Bible—and by extension, Christianity and Judaism—as being corrupt and superseded by the Koran. He will guide them and improve their state, and bring them in unto the Garden [Paradise—DM] which He hath made known to them (Surah 47:4-6, emp. Many tales, fables, and rabbinical traditions undoubtedly circulated among the Jewish tribes of Arabia. (Matthew 5:44-46). Although Islam teaches that God revealed divine truth through ancient Hebrew and New Testament prophets, Muslim scholars do not recommend relying on the Old and New Testaments as a source for religious instruction. Significantly, there are no verses in the New Testament in which believers are called on to kill their enemies. Essay question for my college history class! added). True Christianity (i.e., that which is based strictly on the New Testament) dictates peace and non-retaliatory promotion of itself. The New Testament historical … In the fourth place, the polygamy countenanced by the Quran on Earth will be extended into the heavenly realm (Surah 13:23; 36:55; 40:8; 43:70). (Then it will be said): O ye who disbelieve! One suspects that, at the time, the technical distinction escaped the citizens of those conquered countries, even as it surely does the reader. Trifkovic, Serge (2002), The Sword of the Prophet (Boston, MA: Regina Orthodox Press). added). zebman. Textual Criticism of the Qur’an and the Bible: A True Comparison A. Early Multiple authors 4. Then, when the sacred months have passed, slay the idolaters wherever ye find them, and take them (captive), and besiege them, and prepare for them each ambush. All Torah, Psalms, Old and New Testament Bible quotes are from the King James Version (KJV) Holy Bible in the public domain. 67-69 were revealed when the Prophet had decided to spare the lives of the prisoners taken at Badr and hold them to ransom, against the wish of Omar, who would have executed them for their past crimes. It is not allowed thee to take (other) women henceforth, nor that thou shouldst change them for other wives even though their beauty pleased thee save those whom thy right hand possesseth. This debate was recorded at South African Theological Seminary in January. The New Testament then follows after the death of Jesus. It may be that your Lord will remit from you your evil deeds and bring you into Gardens underneath which rivers flow, on the day when Allah will not abase the Prophet and those who believe with him. Early extra-Biblical sources Quran (Treated as a historical document): Claim: Jesus of Nazareth was not crucified and did not die. This includes both the New Testament and the Old Testament. 1. And those who are slain in the way of Allah, He rendereth not their actions vain (Surah 47:4, emp. It is true that the God of the Bible enjoined violent, armed conflict for the Israelites in the Old Testament. The New Testament manuscript tradition exhibits what is called “tenacity.” That is, once a reading enters the tradition, it remains there. No wonder a substantial number of Muslims manifest a maniacal, reckless abandon in their willingness to die by sacrificing their lives in order to kill as many “infidels” (especially Israelis and Americans) as possible. The main difference, I believe, is that the New Testament is not the exact word of God, as opposed to the Quran. Excepting those of the idolaters with whom ye (Muslims) have a treaty, and who have since abated nothing of your right nor have supported anyone against you. This debate was recorded at South African Theological Seminary in January. They’ve also had their lives threatened speaking out about it. [Ali, Religion, pp. In the third place, why does the Quran stipulate the number “four”? It is no sin for you to lay aside your arms, if rain impedeth you or ye are sick. For example, within months of the Hijrah (the flight to Medina), Muhammad claimed to receive a revelation that clarified the issue: Now when ye meet in battle those who disbelieve, then it is smiting of the necks until, when ye have routed them, then making fast of bonds; and afterward either grace or ransom till the war lay down its burdens. This pledge included duties of war, and was taken only by the males. The answer may be seen in the influence of the contemporaneous Jewish population of Arabia. But Jesus rebuked them and said, “‘You do not know what manner of spirit you are of. The Arab culture was well known for the practice of polygamy, in which men were allowed as many wives as they chose. Then if they obey you, seek not a way against them. For example, when the Quran cites teachings from the Hebrew Scriptures, it often cites the original source as the "tawrat." Minneapolis: Thoughts of Light Publishing, 2013. Dent and Sons). They had slumped to such an immoral, depraved state, with no hope of recovery, that their existence on this Earth had to be ended—just like in Noah’s day when God waited while Noah preached for years but was unable to turn the world’s population from its wickedness (Genesis 6:3,5-7; 1 Peter 3:20; 2 Peter 3:5-9). Muhammad's Wives. Thou art Able to do all things. Old Testament can give faith in seemingly impossible situations while the New Testament talks about how Jesus is the only way and rewards in heaven. Ye desire the lure of this world and Allah desireth (for you) the Hereafter, and Allah is Mighty, Wise. The New Testament record presents a far higher, more noble and godly ethic on the matter of violence and armed conflict. He said: The Knower, the Aware hath told me. added). One would fully expect uninspired men to manifest the same modus operandi and concern for the same issues—especially as they reflect upon their own human desires (i.e., lusts) and preferences. However, with the arrival of New Testament Christianity—an international religion intended for all persons without regard to ethnicity or nationality—God has assigned to civil government (not the church or the individual) the responsibility of regulating secular behavior. Thanks so much! Allah knoweth what is in your hearts (O men) and Allah is Forgiving, Clement. Now enjoy what ye have won, as lawful and good, and keep your duty to Allah. When the Prophet confided a fact unto one of his wives and when she afterward divulged it and Allah apprised him thereof, he made known (to her) part thereof and passed over part. The time span for the … even though these documents are written in the six hundreds and they're gonna say that no we can't trust what the New Testament writers wrote. Can there be any doubt that the Quran approves of and encourages polygamy? 153-167). We have over 5300 partial or complete manuscripts of the New Testament penned prior to fourth century A.D. O ye who believe! Do what is good, and you will have praise from the same. The Bible (New Testament) is a compilation of accounts and letters in sync with the Old Testament, including fulfilled prophecies, all of which were able to be confirmed by people at the time, unrelated to the mission evangelists. I know there’s a few critical scholars of the Quran who say it was not copied reliably at all. Though all data (Old Testament, New Testament and Quran) were combined and read into OdinText as a single file, the Old Testament is the largest with over 23K verses and about 623K words, followed by the New Testament with just under 8K verses and 185K words, and then the Quran with just over 6K verses and less than 78K words.” Why bannest thou that which Allah hath made lawful for thee, seeking to please thy wives? (1950 reprint), The Koran (London: J.M. added; cf. Say: Warfare therein is a great (transgression), but to turn (men) from the way of Allah, and to disbelieve in Him and in the Inviolable Place of Worship, and to expel his people thence, is a greater with Allah; for persecution is worse that killing. Hell will be their home, a hapless journey’s end. This article compares the basics of textual integrity. In fact, this feature of the Quran is a source of embarrassment to Muslim apologists, as evinced by the excuses they offer to soften its glaring presence (e.g., Rahman, 1979, p. 38). Perfect our light for us, and forgive us! Hence, even when a scribe might make a mistake that is obvious, the following scribes would … The course will examine the status of the Quran and the Bible (the Hebrew Bible and the New Testament), analyse their nature as sacred texts, introduce the historical origins of the texts and compare the Bible and the Quran as literary works. So the Quran indicates that at the Battle of Badr, no captives should have been taken. Lo! The last books of the New Testament were written by about 100 A.D. by the apostle John who was still alive at that time. That (is the ordinance). While the Quran contains some commendable ethical regulations, it simply does not come up to the moral heights of the Bible. Though all data (Old Testament, New Testament and Quran) were combined and read into OdinText as a single file, the Old Testament is the largest with over 23K verses and about 623K words, followed by the New Testament with just under 8K verses and 185K words, and then the Quran with just over 6K verses and less than 78K words.” Truth sometimes doesn’t need the … Islam, and scourge them address to follow this blog and receive notifications of New posts by email of information! Then leave their way free doubt that the magic number of the New Testament in which men were as! 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