This turn is executed either en dedans or en dehors). On the points. Chased. A position in which the thigh is raised to the second position en l’air with the knee bent so that the pointed toe rests in front of, behind or to the side of the supporting knee. Double cabriole. Used to indicate that a given step is executed moving forward, toward the audience. This position corresponds to the fifth position en avant, Cecchetti method, or the first position, French and Russian Schools. AMBT - American Ballet Theatre. A term of the French School. In the Russian school the term relevé is also used to mean the slow raising of the stretched leg to 90 degree in any direction. ABT’s new blog series features fascinating insight from ABT experts and an inside look at the America's National Ballet Company®. It has an annual eight-week season at the Metropolitan Opera House (Lincoln Center) in the spring and a shorter season at the David H. Koch Theater in the fall; the company tours around the world the rest of the year. A term used to describe a lowering of the body made by bending the knee of the supporting leg. En dedans (Cecchetti method): After a pirouette en dedans the working leg is extended to the fourth position derrière en l’air; then with a demi-rond de jambe en l’air en dedans the foot is brought to the front of the supporting knee. This holiday season, American Ballet Theatre will premiere a special presentation of The Nutcracker with a filmed performance of the Grand Pas de Deux for Clara and The Prince on Friday, December 4 at 6pm ET on American Ballet Theatre’s YouTube Channel, IGTV, and on the Segerstrom Center for the Arts website, Facebook, and Instagram. La compagnie est fondée par Lucia Chase (en). A bending of the knee or knees. In all pliés the legs must be well turned out from the hips, the knees open and well over the toes, and the weight of the body evenly distributed on both feet, with the whole foot grasping the floor. In the French and Russian Schools the feet are completely crossed so that the heel of the front foot touches the toe of the back foot and vice versa. As the foot goes into the air the dancer pushes off the floor with the supporting leg, extending the toes. Entrechats are counted from two to ten according to the number of crossings required and counting each crossing as two movements, one by each leg; that is, in an entrechat quatre each leg makes two distinct movements. On the upbeat, demi-plié and raise the L leg to 45 degrees, inclining the body slightly forward; step on the L foot in the demi-plié toward corner 6, opening the arms to the second position; throw the R leg forward to 90 degrees (passing through the first position) toward corner 6 and push off the floor with the L leg. See Déboulés; Tour, petit. Large jeté. It became the American Ballet Theatre in 1956. Bounce. It is a position on one leg with the other lifted in back, the knee bent at an angle of 90 degrees and well turned out so that the knee is higher than the foot. It is important to start the jump with a springy plié and finish it with a soft and controlled plié. This must be done with apparent ease, the rest of the body remaining quiet. Fourth position (Quatrième position): Broken, breaking. American Ballet Theatreの日本語への翻訳をチェックしましょう。文章の翻訳例American Ballet Theatre を見て、発音を聞き、文法を学びます。 GlosbはCookieの使用により、ユーザーの皆様に最高のエクスペリエンスをお約束します The turn may be single, double or triple according to the ability of the dancer. Time developed, developing movement. Relevé on the L point or demi-pointe, executing a tour en dehors and whipping the R foot in back of, then quickly in front of, the L knee. ABT JKO School Children’s Division Online Community Classes. Same as grand battement jeté balancé, but the body remains upright as the leg swings. It is usually done en dedans and may be finished in attitude croisée, attitude effacée or any of the arabesques. In a pas de deux, the ballerina on point holds her pose and is slowly turned by her partner who walks around her holding her hand. The arms remain in the second position during the series of turns, then close in the first position for the concluding pirouettes. Pliés are done at the bar and in the centre in all five positions of the feet. Jumped, jumping. This jeté is done in all directions and in a circle. ABT's home for families and educators to discover digital content for their virtual classrooms. The leg nearer the audience is pointed in the second position à terre or raised to the second position en l’air. It is done forward to attitude croisée or effacée, and to all the arabesques. No dictionary terms found. The tour was part of the Soviet-American cultural exchange, arranged by the governments of the US and USSR as part of their Cold War strategies. Escaping or slipping movement. The body and head should come into play and a suggestion of épaulement should be used. In all entrechats both legs beat equally. Our dancers are the heart of American Ballet Theatre. Caper. Assemblé may also be done with a beat for greater brilliance. If an assemblé is porté it requires a preparatory step such as a glissade to precede it. Each weekend from January 8 through February 14, auditions will be held for dancers ages 9-24 for ABT’s Summer Training Programs. Privacy Policy Terms of Use Website Feedback. The toe of the working foot describes an oval, the extreme ends of which are the second position en l’air and the supporting leg. An exercise in which the dancer forcefully extends the working leg from a cou-de-pied position to the front, side or back.This exercise strengthens the toes and insteps and develops the power of elevation. Copyright 2020 Ballet Theatre Foundation, Inc. American Ballet Theatre and ABT are registered trademarks of Ballet Theatre Foundation, Inc. A traveling step executed by gliding the working foot from the fifth position in the required direction, the other foot closing to it. It may be done in all directions or in a circle. Outward. The dancer tries to remain in the air in a definitely expressed attitude or arabesque and descends to the ground in the same pose. In ballet it is a position of the body, in profile, supported on one leg, which can be straight or demi-plié, with the other leg extended behind and at right angles to it, and the arms held in various harmonious positions creating the longest possible line from the fingertips to the toes. The step may be performed with straight knees at 45 degrees or with développés at 90 degrees. En dehors (Cecchetti method): Fourth position R foot back. In reference to a particular step (for example, jeté devant), the addition of the word “devant” implies that the working foot is closed in the front. The feet are on the same line but with a distance of about one foot between the heels. This may refer to positions (the second and fourth positions of the feet are positions ouvertes), limbs, directions, or certain exercises or steps. The exercise at the barre is usually preceded by a preparation from the first or fifth position which is done on two introductory chords. A term of the Russian School. The Cecchetti method uses five principal arabesques; the Russian School (Vaganova), four; and the French School, two. Fifth position R foot front. Even-numbered entrechats are done en face or en tournant, while odd-numbered entrechats are done devant, derrière, en tournant, the côté or de volée. ballet translate: balet, erkek bale dansçısı, bale, bale dansçıları. (2) A term for a group of exercises designed to make the arms move gracefully and harmoniously. Explore their biographies and performance photos; learn more about their repertoire with ABT, career milestones and quotes. Basque jump. Offers. There are six glissades: devant, derrière, dessous, dessus, en avant, en arrière, the difference between them depending on the starting and finishing positions as well as the direction. Pricked pirouette. There are two types of battements, grands battements and petits battements. Occasionally the term may refer to a lowering of the working foot from a position pointe tendue to the ground and reraising it to the position pointe tendue, as in battement tendu relevé. This sissonne finishes on two feet with the working foot gliding along the floor into the demi-plié in the fitth position. Arms low or down. (See Battement tendu). Effacé is also used to qualify a pose in which the legs are open (not crossed). News. Leaning, inclining. A processional dance in 3/4 time with which the court ballets of the seventeenth century were opened. Assembled or joined together. Refers to grands battements executed continuously devant and derrire through the first position. Also used in the singular, “sur la demi-pointe.”. Note: In all jumping movements the tips of the toes should be the first to reach the ground after the jump, then the sole of the foot followed by the heel. A step of low elevation performed to a quick tempo. It may be performed en avant, en arrire and de côté in all directions, such as croisé, effacé, écarté, etc. Change of feet. Marching step. Ballet Theatre: see American Ballet Theatre American Ballet Theatre(ABT), one of the foremost international dance companies of the 20th and 21st cents. Petits battements are executed with the supporting foot à terre, sur la demi-pointe or sur la pointe. The arms are held en attitude with the raised arm being on the same side as the extended leg. Through common usage the term has become abridged to développé. Indicates: (1) that a movement is to be made in the air; for example, rond de jambe en l’air; (2) that the working leg, after being opened to the second or fourth position à terre, is to be raised to a horizontal position with the toe on the level of the hip. Interweaving or braiding. Chains, links. ballet definition: 1. a type of dancing that is done in a theatre and tells a story, usually with music 2. a…. As, for example, in glissade en arriére. The working foot is placed on the part of the leg between the base of the calf and the beginning of the ankle. Glissade is a terre à terre step and is used to link other steps. In the execution of port de bras the arms should move from the shoulder and not from the elbow and the movement should be smooth and flowing. Cambridge Dictionary +Plus Balancé may also be done en avant or en arrire facing croisé or effacé and en tournant. In a diagonal. A term of the Cecchetti method. Soon ballet spread around the world with the formation of new companies, including London's The Royal Ballet (1931), the San Francisco Ballet (1933), American Ballet Theatre (1937), the Royal Winnipeg Ballet (1939), The Australian Ballet (1940), the New York City Ballet (1948), the National Ballet of Canada (1951), and the National Ballet Academy and Trust of India (2002). In the Cecchetti method, entrechats are done with the knees bent and the feet drawn up so that one foot beats against the other from the base of the calf downward. Separated, thrown wide apart. Fifth position R foot front (L hand on bar, R arm in second position). This is the dignified, classical walk of the ballerina and the premier danseur. In front. A Polish folk dance in 3/4 time which has been introduced into a number of ballets as a character dance. On the cou-de-pied. In 1983 Pittsburgh Ballet Theatre, together with the Pittsburgh Opera, Civic Light Opera and Pittsburgh Dance Council, agreed to become constituents of the Benedum Center, opened in 1987. Small jeté. Today quatrième position croisée is done with the feet placed as in the fifth position, parallel and separated by the length of one foot, instead of the third position. Whirl or spin. In the air. The crossing of the legs with the body placed at an oblique angle to the audience. In the Cecchetti method, the working foot passes through the first position to the fourth position, the calves are beaten together and on alighting the free leg is extended forward or back with a straight knee. Step on the L demi-pointe behind the R foot, slightly lifting the R foot off the ground; then fall on the R foot again in demi-plié with the L foot raised sur le cou-de-pied derrire. English English abt (American Ballet Theatre) ballet troupe located in America Shouldering. The other foot then pushes away from the floor so that both knees are straight and both feet strongly pointed for a moment; then the weight is shifted to the working foot with a fondu. On the half-points. Fifth position (Cinquième position): This website has been made possible by Karen Phillips and Infor. Learn more. In the fourth position the placement of the feet is similar to that in the third position, the feet being parallel and separated by the length of one foot. Royal. American Ballet Theatre dances Fall and Spring seasons each year in New York CIty and tours; this is the list of ballets for the 2009 Fall season, beginning Wednesday, October 7 th, and ending Saturday, October 10 th and subsequent tours to Orange County and Beijing. It is taken only dessus or derrire. Inward. The company was founded with the help of Lincoln Kirstein [ 1 ] and Edward Mortimer Morris Warburg, [ 2 ] managed by Alexander Merovitch [ 3 ] and populated by students of Kirstein and Balanchine's School of American Ballet. The Cecchetti method has five standard positions with a derivative of the fourth position and two derivatives of the fifth position. Arabesques are generally used to conclude a phrase of steps, both in the slow movements of adagio and the brisk, gay movements of allégro. Used to indicate that a step is executed moving away from the audience. Refers either to a step which is traveled in the air from one spot to another (such as assemblé dessus porté) or to the carrying of a danseuse by a danseur. Demi-plié and, with a little spring, open the feet to the second or fourth position sur les pointes. Épaulement gives the finishing artistic touch to every movement and is a characteristic feature of the modern classical style compared to the old French style. The raising of the body on the tips of the toes. Also used in the singular, “sur la pointe.” First introduced in the late 1820s or early 1830s at the time of Taglioni. This is the popular turn in which the dancer executes a series of turns on the supporting leg while being propelled by a whipping movement of the working leg. Large battement. Sign up here stay up to date with ABT news and offers! Whipped circle of the leg turning. An exercise at the barre or in the centre in which one leg is made to describe a series of circular movements on the ground. Indicates that the working foot passes in front of the supporting foot. Since our founding in 1939, ABT has showcased the world’s finest choreographers, artists, and performances that have both upheld the traditions of classical ballet and pushed the artistic envelope of contemporary dance. Indicates that the dancer is to stand high on the balls of the feet and under part of the toes. Indicates that the body is to turn while executing a given step. Glide. Depuis 1977, sa saison annuelle a lieu au Metropolitan Opera de New York1. Disengaged battement. Grand jeté is always preceded by a preliminary movement such as a glissade, pas couru or coupe. At the completion of the first turn, the supporting heel is lowered in demi-plié, then immediately pushes from the floor to demi-pointe, and the turn is repeated. A direction for the execution of a step. It was founded in 1937 as the Mordkin Ballet and reorganized as the Ballet Theatre in 1940 under the direction (1940–80 After a series of 8 or 16 turns, grande pirouette is usually concluded with multiple pirouettes sur le cou-de-pied. Jeté interlaced. Demi-plié in preparation for a small spring into the air, opening both legs slightly. All steps of elevation begin and end with a demi-plié. American Ballet Theatre has served the world as a major cultural institution for 79 years. Sissonne is named for the originator of the step. Execute a pirouette en dehors on the L leg. They are done with the supporting foot flat on the ground, on the demi-pointe, full point or en fondu. First position (Première position): There are three ways of reaching the points, by piqué, relevé or sauté. It was founded in 1937 as the Mordkin Ballet and reorganized as the Ballet Theatre in 1940 under the direction (1940–80) of Lucia Chase and Oliver Smith. It is American Ballet Theatre. Opposite (the audience); facing the audience. Did You Know? Three-quarters of the turn should be made with the R foot in position on the supporting knee. See Battement en cloche, grand. An exercise in which the working leg is raised from the hip into the air and brought down again, the accent being on the downward movement, both knees straight. The petites sissonnes are sissonne simple, sissonne fermée, sissonne ouverte at 45 degrees and sissonne tombée at 45 degrees. In the French School and the Cecchetti method, ballotté is performed on one spot. Both jeté dessus and jeté dessous may be beaten. American Ballet Theatre (ABT) is one of the greatest dance companies in the world, revered as a living national treasure since its founding in 1939 and dedicated to preserving and extending the great legacy of classical dance. The third position is usually omitted. En dedans (Russian School): Fouetté en dedans is done in the same manner as en dehors. In the grand plié in the second position or the fourth position ouverte (feet in the first position but separated by the space of one foot) the heels do not rise off the ground. Privacy Policy Terms of Use Website Feedback. Cabrioles are divided into two categories: petite, which are executed at 45 degrees, and grande, which are executed at 90 degrees. There are two kinds of ballonné: ballonné simple, which may be performed petit or grand; and ballonné compose, which is a compound step consisting of three movements. The battement dégagé is similar to the battement tendu but is done at twice the speed and the working foot rises about four inches from the floor with a well-pointed toe, then slides back into the first or fifth position. Développés are performed à la quatrième devant, à la seconde and à la quatrième derrière and may be executed in all directions of the body. Executed by stepping directly on the point or demi-pointe of the working foot in any desired direction or position with the other foot raised in the air. American Ballet Theatre (ABT) is a classical ballet company based in New York City. Casting and programming subject to change. In steps and exercises the term en dedans indicates that the leg, in a position à terre or en l’air, moves in a circular direction, counterclockwise from back to front. In rising from the ground the foot moves in the reverse order. Six crossings. The art of using the face and body to express emotion and dramatic action. If the développé is at 90 degrees, the working leg is brought from sur le cou-de-pied to retiré, that opens in the desired direction as the supporing knee straightens. Flying brisé. A term of the French School. It is usually preceded by a pas couru or a chassé. The theater dictionary : British and American terms in the drama, opera, and ballet by Wilfred Granville Philosophical Library, c1952 タイトル別名 The theatre dictionary There is a great variety of fouettés: petit fouetté, which may be devant, à la seconde or derrire and executed à terre, sur la demi-pointe or sauté; and grand fouetté, which may be sauté, relevé and en tournant. Ball-like or bouncing step. If the échappé is done in the second position the R foot may be closed either front or back. A complete turn of the body on one foot, on point or demi-pointe. In this step the legs are thrown to 90 degrees with a corresponding high jump. The body should rise at the same speed at which it descended, pressing the heels into the floor. Saint-Léon wrote, “Fondu is on one leg what a plié is on two.” In some instances the term fondu is also used to describe the ending of a step when the working leg is placed on the ground with a soft and gradual movement. Balancé may be done crossing the foot either front or back. Large jeté forward. The landing is made on the R leg in demi-plié in the first arabesque facing corner 2, on the spot from which the jump began. Carriage of the arms. The French School has a preparatory position and five standard positions. Quickly close the legs and beat the calves of the legs together, open slightly to the side, and come to the ground in demi-plié in the fifth position R foot back. The direction of the body is effacé with the body inclining backward or forward with each change of weight. Battement stretched. An example of this is jeté fondu. In the Cecchetti method there are eight set exercises on port de bras. The two fundamental positions of épaulement are croisé and effacé. Wilde led PBT from 1982-1997, until the arrival of current Artistic Director Terrence S. Orr, a celebrated American Ballet Theatre ballet master and former principal dancer. Land in demi-plié in the fifth position, R foot back. The French School terms this step “faux entrechat cinq ramassé”. In this position the feet form one line, heels touching one another. A big leap forward preceded by a preliminary movement such as a pas couru or a glissade, which gives the necessary push-off. American Ballet Theatre ( ABT) is a classical ballet company based in New York City. An échappé is a level opening of both feet from a closed to an open position. This is a progression on the points or demi-pointes by a series of small, even steps with the feet close together. Please try a different letter. Execute a pirouette en dehors on the L leg. Fondu on the L leg, at the same time extending the R leg to quatrième position devant en l’air (croisé devant). This is an exercise to turn the legs out from the hips, to loosen the hips and to keep the toe well back and heel forward. Tax-Exempt ID #13-1882106. On the “upbeat” the R foot is drawn in an arc to the fourth position back (the head turns forward) and the dancer begins a series of ronds de jambe à terre en dehors. From a demi-plié in the fifth position the working foot glides along the floor until it reaches a position à la demi-hauteur. American Ballet Theatre membership programs and financial support of the company online. It was founded in 1937 as the Mordkin Ballet and reorganized as the Ballet Theatre in 1940 under the direction (1940–80) of Lucia Chase and Oliver Smith. the leg moves evenly until reaching the angle of 45 or 90 degree and is sustained momentarily in the extended position before slowly returning to sur cou-de-pied as the suppoting leg executes a demi-plié. The petits battements are: Battements tendus, dégagés, frappés and tendus relevés: stretched, disengaged, struck and stretched-and-lifted . The other foot, which is pointed a few inches from the floor, slides into the fifth position in demi-plié. The grandes sissonnes are sissonne ouverte at 90 degrees, sissonne renversée and sissonne soubresaut. Tossed. This is an exercise to render the joints and muscles soft and pliable and the tendons flexible and elastic, and to develop a sense of balance. It has an annual eight-week season at the Metropolitan Opera House Lincoln Center, and tours around the world the rest of the year. After a pirouette en dedans the extension is made to the second position en l’air; next the foot is brought in front of, then in back of, the supporting. As, for example, in pas de bourrée couru. There are two principal pliés: grand plié or full bending of the knees (the knees should be bent until the thighs are horizontal) and demi-plié or half-bending of the knees. The head turns and the eyes “spot”, providing additional force for the turns. See Jeté en tournant en avant, grand (Cecchetti method). The arm on the side of the raised leg is held over the head in a curved position while the other arm is extended to the side. In the Russian and French Schools, the pointed toe is brought to retiré devant before extending the leg forward or to retiré derrière before extending the leg backward. They should be practiced en croix. This is an exercise at the bar in which the working foot is held sur le cou-de-pied and the lower part of the leg moves out and in, changing the foot from sur le cou-de-pied devant to sur le cou-de-pied derrière and vice versa. Battements dégagés strengthen the toes, develop the instep and improve the flexibility of the ankle joint. A battement tendu is the commencing portion and ending portion of a grand battement and is an exercise to force the insteps well outward. Information. Did You Know? When a grand plié is executed in either the first, third or fourth position croisé (feet in the fifth position but separated by the space of one foot) or the fifth position, the heels always rise off the ground and are lowered again as the knees straighten. American Ballet Theatre American Ballet Theatre (ABT), is a classical ballet company based in New York City. Closed sissonne. The thigh should also be held horizontal so that the pointed toe of the working foot passes at (approximately) the height of the supporting knee. When the foot reaches the position pointe tendue, it then returns to the first or fifth position. Crossed. There are two ways to relevé. A raising of the body on the points or demi-pointes, point or demi-pointe. During this challenging period, your donation directly supports the Company as we continue to innovate, create, and present world-class ballet to the widest possible audience. In the Cecchetti assemblé both knees are bent and drawn up after the battement so that the flat of the toes of both feet meet while the body is in the air. Battement fondu developed. Circular. In échappé to the fourth position facing en face, croisé or effacé, the movement is done from the fifth position to the fourth position without change. Both legs must be kept perfectly straight and all movement must come from the hip, along with the arching and relaxing of the instep. There are two kinds of échappés: échappé sauté, which is done with a spring from the fifth position and finishes in a demi-plié in the open position, and échappé sur les pointes, or demi-pointes, which is done with a relevé and has straight knees when in the open position. Whipped. The step owes its name to the likeness of the movement to a cat’s leap. The torso is held perpendicular. During the jump the body turns in the air to the left and the L leg is thrown out (the legs almost come together and appear to interlace), passes the R in the air and finishes in the back at 90 degrees. A term of the French School and the Cecchetti method. When a glissade is used as an auxiliary step for small or big jumps, it is done with a quick movement on the upbeat. Struck battement. Indicates that an exercise is to be executed to the fourth position front, to the second position and to the fourth position back, or vice versa. One of the directions of épaulement. They are done petit and grand. As the supporting leg straightens, the working leg does développé at either 45 or 90 degrees. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Turkish Dictionary. Bent, bending. As, for example, in arabesque penchée. We regret to announce the cancellation of ABT spring and summer 2021 performances at the Metropolitan Opera House. Sign up here stay up to date with ABT news and offers! 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S Division Online Community Classes l hand on bar, R foot may be performed with knees... Derrière and à la demi-hauteur dégagés strengthen the toes delivering the highest caliber of Ballet to the fifth position is. Video dictionary of all classical Ballet movements performed by some of the foot. Ground before being swept into the air dessous and coupé dessus performed in a series with a plié... Same as grand assemblé right ) recognized as America ’ s leap a step! Two derivatives of the ankle joint soft and controlled plié now available the line of direction principal arabesques ; Russian. Limb in front of the ballerina and the eyes “ spot ”, providing additional force for the first.... Tendu jeté ( Russian School ( Vaganova ) has a preparatory step face, croisé, effacé or.! One or two feet with the supporting leg, opening the R foot may be finished attitude... Abt JKO School Children ’ s New blog series features fascinating insight from ABT and! 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